РАСШИРЕННОЕ ПОНИМАНИЕ МЕХАНИЗМОВ НАСЛЕДОВАНИЯ И ЕСТЕСТВЕННОГО ОТБОРА: КОНСТРУИРОВАНИЕ ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ НИШ И СТИГМЕРГИЯ

А. Б. Казанский

Институт эволюционной физиологии и биохимии им. И. М. Сеченова РАН Санкт-Петербург, Россия: kazansky@bk. ru

Цель данной работы — привлечь внимание

E. V. Petrova

Institute of Philosophy, RAS Moscow, Russia: philosophyx@rambler. ru

Man is a biosocial entity, so, in the study of his adaptive peculiarities two directions, that is, biologic and social — can be determined. Within the biological framework it is possible to combine evolutionary, genetic, medical- biological and ecological inves- tigations. Recently, the problem of man’s adaptation to profound changes taking place in the environment, under the impact of man’s activity, becomes of growing importance. In the course of social adaptation man acts as adaptively-adapting entity, in as much as, unlike animals, he does not only adapts himself to environment, but also transforms it in course of his activity, sometimes creating a new environment. The complex study of hu — man being makes necessary a synthesis of natural-scientific and social-humanitarian sides of the man’s adaptation problem. The analysis of the above mentioned directions, of social and biological man’s adaptations research, enables us to come to conclusion that no one direction, taking separately, can resolve the problem of man’s adaptation, which has com — plicated pattern with many aspects.

Keywords: man’s adaptation problem, social adaptation, biologic adaptation, environ — ment, human being, adaptive types, ecology; evolution.

Материал взят из: Чарльз Дарвин и современная биология. Труды Международной научной конференции (21–23 сентября 2009 г., Санкт — Петербург)