ИЗДАНИЯ «ПРОИСХОЖДЕНИЯ ВИДОВ» Ч. ДАРВИНА В РОССИИ И СССР

М. Б. Конашев, А. В. Полевой

Санкт-Петербургский филиал Института истории естествознания и техники им. С. И. Вавилова РАН Санкт-Петербург, Россия: mbkonashev@mail. ru

В работах по истории эволюционной биологии вплоть до настоящего времени основ — ное внимание уделялось происхождению эволюционной теории Дарвина, а также ее восприятию и развитию в разных странах, i@mail. ru»>beregoi@mail. ru

The vivisection is not a side issue in the history of science of the 19th century. The role of Charles Darwin is crucial in this story. In 1870-s England faced what was called by many a “vivisection agitation”. Darwin refused to sign a petition against laboratory ex — periments on living animals because the proposed system of licensing was from his point of view, too restrictive. He was very enthusiastic when he began to compose a counter — petition. The voluminous correspondence that remained from that period tells us how much he was involved in this debate. In the year 1875 when major controversy took place, Darwin wrote 22 and received 19 letters regarding this question. In November

1875 he gave his evidence before the Royal Commission on vivisection, and it was re — corded for the minutes. From the next year when the Bill on vivisection was passed in the Parliament we have only 5 Darwin’s letters where vivisection was mentioned. Charles Darwin was involved in polemics in some way or another until his last days, and his correspondence shows us that he had not changed his mind over years. In Feb — ruary 1882 he repeated his main argument again “we should protect the science as well as animals”.

Keywords: Charles Darwin, vivisection, physiology, Parliament, Royal Commission of vivisection, progress of science.

Материал взят из: Чарльз Дарвин и современная биология. Труды Международной научной конференции (21–23 сентября 2009 г., Санкт — Петербург)